Periodontal disease is a disease of the gums that occurs when they get infected. The infection is caused by bacteria that build up along the gum line. As the bacteria spread, inflammation occurs, causing the gums to become swollen and red. As the disease progresses, the gums begin to recede, creating pockets that easily collect food particles. As the pockets grow larger, they become more difficult to clean. Eventually, the bacteria can infect the jawbone, causing gum tissues to recede, teeth to become loose, and teeth to feel loose.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is a chronic condition caused by infections and inflammation of the gums. The symptoms of periodontal disease are often mild at first and progress slowly. However, if left untreated, the disease can cause the teeth to become loose and eventually fall out.
Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria that are left on the teeth after every meal. Bacteria in the mouth are normal, but when they form plaque, they can cause inflammation in the gums. The gums then become red and swollen and may bleed easily. Eventually, the bone and tissue supporting the teeth are destroyed, leading to tooth loss.
What Are the Symptoms of Periodontal Disease?
The symptoms of periodontal disease vary depending on the severity of the disease. The common symptoms include:
- Red, swollen gums
- Bleeding gums
- Receding gums or pockets
- Bad breath
- Tenderness or pain when chewing
- Loose teeth
- Shifting teeth
- Teeth appear shorter or longer than they should
How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?
When periodontal disease is diagnosed, the dentist in Aurora, CO will suggest treatment. This generally includes scaling and root planing, which removes plaque and tartar from the surface of the teeth and below the gum line. This treatment also smoothens the surface of the tooth root to discourage bacteria from gathering there.
How Can Periodontal Disease Be Prevented?
- Brushing and flossing are two of the primary ways to prevent periodontal disease.
- In addition to brushing and flossing, you should also visit your dentist twice a year for checkups and professional cleanings. These appointments allow your dentist to check the condition of your gums and teeth, and they also provide a deeper cleaning.
- Eating a healthy diet also ensure healthy teeth and gums.
- Avoiding tobacco use and smoking helps prevent major risk factors for periodontal disease.
- Use a mouthguard or nightguard to protect your teeth during sleep if you have the habit of teeth grinding.
To learn more about our dental services or to schedule a consultation with our dentist at our practice located at 2711 S Parker Rd., Aurora, CO 80014, you can either contact us via email or call H&M Family Dentistry at (303) 353-9611. We will be happy to assist you further.